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History of Indian traditional Jewellery

History of traditional Indian jewellery
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India is known as an epitome of traditionally crafted beautiful Jewellery that is designed in different forms to bring the best out of precious stones and metals. Do you know that Indian jewellery traditions ages back to decades as old as 5000-7000 years ago? 

The Jewellery was engraved to fulfil various perceptions and needs of Indian society. It is said that Jewellery with elaborate designs and embedded with precious stones was accumulated in the mythology Ramayana and Mahabharata as well. There are also traces of beaded Jewellery found as planted during Indus Valley Civilization in the 1500 BC.

Different uses of Jewellery in ancient times: 

  • India is known for its culture and art. One of the finest forms of Indian culture is its varied dance forms. From Bharatanatyam to kathak and Kuchipudi, all these dance forms use their costume, Jewellery, expressions and dance to express themselves and narrate a story. Not just these three forms but all forms of Indian dance need acutely perfect designer jewellery that compliments their storytelling and initiates the idea of collaborative beautification. 
  • Jewellery in India has been a significant portion of pride in people. Whether they can afford two meals a day, every individual dreams of buying Jewellery for themselves and their loved ones. The adornment and beautification of traditional Indian Jewellery is a matter of pride to all. You might often find almost 90% of Indians wearing gold on a daily basis. We take pride in adornment. 
  • Religiously India is a diverse nation engrossed in the terrains of mythology. Gold is treated as Goddess Lakshmi and a symbolic representation of wealth and wellness. When it comes to festivals as well, like Diwali, the Hindu community purchases gold to perform a ritual pooja for Devi Lakshmi. This way, Jewellery has created a significant impact in India. 
  • Customs and traditions in India revolve around the elegance of Jewellery. When we talk about Indian weddings, no function per say has been individually celebrated without the adornment of beautifully crafted Jewellery. Every position of the marriage is collaborated with gifting rituals or wearing ornaments that signify prosperity and beauty. Therefore, Jewellery never leaves the hearts of Indians. 
  • Jewellery was used as a status symbol to signify the society’s hierarchy and the community’s functionality. The kings and queens would opt for emeralds, rubies and sapphires as their jewellery embellishments. The elite royale assistance of kings and queens would choose gold Jewellery as their adornment materials, the upper class or the business class would opt for silver embellishments, and the lower cast would, unfortunately, be left with glass bangles and oxidised Jewellery.  

Types and origin of Indian Jewellery: 

It has yet to be effectively secured how Jewellery in India originated. Still, we have only evidence of how India has been a pioneer of beautifully crafted Jewellery since the Indus Valley Civilization. The mythology and stories of the olden era signify how Indians and Jewellery have been effectively interlinked from the terrains of time.

Traditional Indian Jewellery varies from errands to hair adornments to feet. There are varieties of Jewellery that cater to men and especially women. The maangtika, jhumkis, naath, tons of necklace varieties, Kamar bandh, payal or anklets and toe ring.

This brings us to the end of today’s discussion about how India has been an epitome of beautifully combined Jewellery. India is the birthplace of a wide variety of Jewellery like meenakari, temple jewellery, polki, Kundan jewellery and many more You can get the data of the different types of traditional Indian jewellery


1. What is traditional jewellery of telangana?

The most popular Telangana traditional jewellery is Maangtika and Jhoomar or Pasa which is embellished with gold, red stones and pearls. This ornament is a hairgear worn on the left side of the partitioned hair. This is a Nizam cultural jewellery design that is profound among the people in Hyderabad. 

2. What is traditional jewellery of Andhra Pradesh?

Andhra Pradesh has a unique take on the traditionally crafted jewellery that is often embedded with gold, precious stones of red, blue and white color which are then designed in a drop shaped ending with pearls. This design is known as Guttapusalu jewellery style. 

3. Which state is famous for jewellery making?

Assam, like its tea plantation, is also famous for its jewellery making. Jorhat is the manufacturing headquarters of Jewellery making in Assam. Rajasthan and Gujrat are 2 other states with the best craftsmanship for jewellery making.

Which gold is purest in India ?

The purest form of gold in India is 24K gold but its properties are not ideal for jewellery making. 22K gold is used as the highest to craft gold jewellery in India.

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